Rosedale was originally conceived in the consolidation of the borough of Queens as a part of what is now Springfield Gardens. At the time, the Laurelton Land Company was in charge of the new Borough of Queens. It was dotted with farmland that was isolated from each other, so construction on an acceptable mode of transportation was started immediately. The Southern Railroad of Long Island (now Long Island Rail Road) was built and the whole area (today Laurelton, Rosedale, and Springfield Gardens) was served by Laurelton Station. The area was also connected to the Brooklyn waterworks. In the 20th century, the water system was less needed, and its use dwindled. Today the ruins of the aqueduct system can still be seen. After the Long Island Rail Road’s construction, many new roads such as Francis Lewis and Sunrise Boulevard (today Sunrise Highway) were constructed. The area that is now Rosedale remained farmland until the mid-1930s. After the former period of relatively slow growth, development rapidly turned Rosedale into a suburban community. Many of Rosedale’s homes are two-family homes.
Rosedale is bordered to the north by Cambria Heights, the east by Valley Stream and North Woodmere (both in Nassau County), to the west by Laurelton and Brookville Park, and to the south by John F. Kennedy International Airport. It is at the eastern edge of New York City, at its border with Valley Stream forming part of the boundary between Queens and Nassau County. The neighborhood is part ofQueens Community Board 13. Many roads of importance in Queens also run through Rosedale such as Francis Lewis Boulevard, Conduit Avenue, Cross Island Parkway, and Belt Parkway, as well asRockaway Boulevard, Sunrise Highway, and Southern State Parkway, all connecting Queens and Nassau Counties.
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Rosedale’s public schools are operated by the New York City Department of Education.
Public elementary and intermediate (Junior High) schools in Rosedale include:
- P.S. 38/Rosedale School
- P.S. 138/The Sunrise School
- P.S. 195/The William Haberle School
- P.S./I.S. 270/The Gordon Parks School
Private preschool, elementary and intermediate (Junior High) schools in Rosedale include:
- Christ Lutheran, a Lutheran school for K – 8th Grade
- Little Leadership Academy, a Christian preschool for ages 2 – 5.
- St. Clare School